In 2005, the Kavli Foundation, in partnership with the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, announced a new prize for outstanding achievement in three scientific fields. The Kavli Prize would be awarded every two years, and recipients in each category would split a $1 million award. Thus, in 2008, Crown Prince Haakon of Norway handed out the inaugural Kavli Prizes in the three anointed fields: neuroscience, astrophysics, and nanoscience. Two scientists, for example, shared the 2008 Kavli Prize in Astrophysics for their studies of quasars, the most energetic and luminous objects known in the universe.
His Royal Highness Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (on the right) hands out the 2008 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience during a ceremony in Oslo, Norway. Image provided courtesy of the Kavli Foundation.